Did You Know? 30% of People Living with HIV Have Abnormal Kidney Function
More than 1.2 million people are living with HIV in the United States. Many are at risk for complications stemming from the infection, including but not limited to chronic kidney disease.
This resource is intended to bring awareness and help educate patients on what kidney disease is, causes, risks, symptoms and next steps.
01 | What is kidney disease?
Normal kidney function allows waste to be filtered from the blood, helps control blood pressure and hormone levels. Chronic kidney disease, also called chronic kidney failure, is a gradual loss of kidney function. Kidney function is measured by the glomerular filtrating rate (GFR) which is the best indicator of how well the kidneys are working. There are five stages of kidney disease that measure the severity and disease progression including:
02 | Causes
There are several reasons that may lead to kidney disease in HIV patients including:
03 | Risks
Patients with HIV are more likely to develop kidney disease if they:
04 | Symptoms
Common kidney disease symptoms include:
However, some patients with early kidney disease have no symptoms and may suffer serious damage before experiencing any problems. Therefore it is critical that patients with HIV have their kidney function tested on a regular basis.
Your medical provider can help you to determine ways to decrease your risk and establish a roadmap for care and testing. For additional resources regarding HIV and kidney disease visit https://www.aids.gov.