Did You Know? There are 9 general types of Muscular Dystrophy
Most Patients with Muscular Dystrophy will die by the time they reach age 30
Muscular Dystrophy (MD) is a very debilitating disease and causes irreparable damage to the body as the patient ages. The name is a classification for a group of inherited disorders which all affect the muscles.
Please use this guide as a resource for knowledge and understanding of muscular dystrophy causes, symptoms and diagnosis.
An abnormality within the genes is what causes MD. Each form of MD is caused by a genetic mutation particular to that type of the disease. Many of these mutations are inherited. However, some occur spontaneously in the ovum (egg cell) or the developing embryo and can be passed on genetically.
There are many different types of MD but they all have similar symptoms. The main sign of MD is progressive muscle weakness. Specific signs and symptoms begin at different ages and in different muscle groups, depending on the type of muscular dystrophy. Most patients will have the following symptoms:
Diagnosing MD can be complicated and lengthy, and it is important to rule out any other possible disease or illnesses. It is critical to receive the correct diagnosis in order to look at any possible treatment options. The following may be performed to diagnose MD:
Options vary from patient to patient based on medical needs. Not all treatment options are available to all patients; eligibility will be determined by the health and patient requirement. Treatment ranges from physical therapy, steroids to surgeries, depending on the stage and type of MD.
For more information on muscular dystrophy and other neuromuscular conditions, please visit: http://www.mda.org/